Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 42-48
Impacts of Flood on Food Crop Production and the Adaptive Measures Among Farmers in the Northern Guinea Savanna of Agroecological Zone of Kaduna State, Nigeria
Adedapo James Olufemi, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria
Awobona Temitope Ajibola, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria
Ogunsanwo Julius Adeniyi, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria
Ijah Aiyedogbon Adoga, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria
Bolaji Olusegun William, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria
Emmanuel Jayeola Oladimeji, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria
Akanni John Rachael, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria
Received: Aug. 13, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 24, 2020;       Published: Sep. 3, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajese.20200403.13      View  148      Downloads  77
Abstract
The analysis of the impact of flood on food crop production and the adaptive measures amongfarmers was carried out in northern guinea savanna of agroecological zone of Kaduna State. In order to achieve the set objectives, purposive sampling technique was employed in collecting data from 380 food crop farmers withstructured questionnaire. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and Chi square. Results show that majority (73.1%) of respondents were male, while 67% were between the age of 21-40 years. The level of education of the respondents indicates that about (58%) had at least primary school education. Majority of the respondents (93%) were prone to flood, while 96% normally experience flood in at least every five years. The study also shows that, above 50% of respondents were affected by loss of soil nutrients; erosion, damage to road and other infrastructures, food insecurity, and poverty, while96% of the respondent agreed that planting of vegetation, proper drainage, prevention of soil erosion and building dams, water ways and canals were adopted by the farmers as adaptation and control measures. It was recommended that, the extension agents should disseminate information and also made available improved varieties of plant and animal species which the farmer could use in combating flood effects.
Keywords
Impact, Flooding, Adaptive Measures, Food Crop, Northern Guinea Savanna
To cite this article
Adedapo James Olufemi, Awobona Temitope Ajibola, Ogunsanwo Julius Adeniyi, Ijah Aiyedogbon Adoga, Bolaji Olusegun William, Emmanuel Jayeola Oladimeji, Akanni John Rachael, Impacts of Flood on Food Crop Production and the Adaptive Measures Among Farmers in the Northern Guinea Savanna of Agroecological Zone of Kaduna State, Nigeria, American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2020, pp. 42-48. doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20200403.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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