Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 24-30
Factors Affecting Labor Productivity in the Construction Industry
Rabia Almamlook, Department of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, USA
Mohamed Bzizi, Department of Business Administration, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, USA
Maha Al-Kbisbeh, Civil and Construction Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, USA
Tgarid Ali, Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, UDM, Detroit, USA
Ekbal Almajiri, Department of Civil Engineering, CU, Colorado, USA
Received: Sep. 23, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 19, 2019;       Published: May 29, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajese.20200402.13      View  363      Downloads  202
Labor productivity is gaining growing attention as the construction industry faces many challenges related to workforce, but one of the most important is poor labor productivity. Several construction projects were suffering from various problems, including poor management, declining fertility, and thus causing projects delay, and cost overruns. The main goals of this study, therefore, is to identify and rank the factors affecting labor productivity in the construction industry in Libya. To realize this objective, a statistically demonstrative sample of contractors and embassies were demanded to contribute to a structured questionnaire survey. The questionnaire contained 30 productivity factors that were secret under the following three primary categories: (1) Management, (2) Technological, (3) and Human/labor. The Management Group was ranked the first, followed by the Technological and Human/labors group. This study demonstrates that the following five factors, listed in descending order, are the most significant in their effects on construction labor productivity: (1) Lack of labor supervision; (2) Experience and skill of labor; (3) Construction technology; (4) Coordination among construction industry disciplines; (5) Errors in design drawings. The results obtained to fill a gap in knowledge of factors affecting labor productivity in Libya to develop a more in-depth perspective of the factors influencing the efficiency of operatives. This study also has provided some recommendations to be implemented by construction managers at the early stage of the construction project to achieve more effective management of construction labor forces.
Labor Productivity, Relative Importance Index, Rank, Construction Industry of Libya
To cite this article
Rabia Almamlook, Mohamed Bzizi, Maha Al-Kbisbeh, Tgarid Ali, Ekbal Almajiri, Factors Affecting Labor Productivity in the Construction Industry, American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 24-30. doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20200402.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abdul Kadir, M. R., Lee, W. P., Jaafar, M. S., Sapuan, S. M., and Ali, A. AA. A., (2005). “Factors affecting construction labour productivity for Malaysian residential projects.” Journal of Structural Survey. 23 (1) 42–54.
Alinaitwe, H. M., Mwakali, J. A., and Hansson, B. (2007). “Factors affecting the productivity of building craftsmen-studies of Uganda.” Journal of Civil Engineering and Management. 13 (3) 169–176.
Anu, V., Thomas, J. Sudhakumar, (2014). “Factors influencing construction labour”, Journal of Construction in Developing Countries. 19 (1) 53–68.
Attar, A. A., Gupta, A. K., and Desai, D. BD. B. (2012). “A study of various factors affecting labor productivity and methods to improve it”, Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering. 11–14.
Bekr, G. A Mahamid. (2016). “Study of Significant Factors Affecting Labor Productivity at Construction Sites in Jordan: Site Survey.” Journal of Engineering Technology (JET). 4 (1) 92 – 97.
Durdyev, S. and Mbachu, J. (2011) “On-site labour productivity of New Zealand construction industry: Key constraints and improvement measures.” Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building. 11 (3) 18–33.
El-Gohary, K. M. and Aziz, R. F. R. F. (2014). “Factors influencing construction labor productivity in Egypt.” Journal of Management in Engineering. 30 (1) 1-9.
Enshassi, A., Mohamed, S., Abu Mustafa, Z., and Mayer, P. E. (2007). “Factors affecting labour productivity in building projects in the Gaza Strip.” Journal of Civil Engineering and Management. 8 (4) 245–254.
Frefer, A. A., Mahmoud, M., Haleema, H., & Almamlook, R. (2018). Overview Success Criteria and Critical Success Factors in Project Management. Industrial engineering & management, 2169-0316.
Alkasisbeh, Maha, Rabia Almamlook, Muna Alkasasbeh, and Muteb Alshammari. Implementation of Six Sigma Tools in Building Construction.
Frefer, A., Almamlook, R. E., & Suwayd, M. (2017). Productivity Analysis of the General Electric Company of. American Journal of Management Science and Engineering, 2 (6), 192-198.
Hinze, W., (1999). “Construction planning and scheduling”, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA, 1999. Horner, R. M. W., Talhouni, B. T., and Thomas, H. RH. R., (1989). “Preliminary results of major labour productivity monitoring program.” Proceedings of the 3rd Yugoslavian Symposium on Construction Management. Zagreb Univ., Croatia. 18–28.
Jarkas, A. M. (2015) “Factors influencing labour productivity in Bahrain’s construction industry.” International Journal of Construction Management. 15 (1) 94–108.
Jarkas, A. M., and Bitar, C. GC. G. 2012). “Factors affecting construction labor productivity in Kuwait.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 138 (7811–820).
Lema, N. M., and Samson, M. (1995). “Construction of labor productivity modeling.” University of Dar Elsalaam, Tanzania.
Lim, E. C., and Alum, J., (1995). “Construction productivity: issues encountered by contractors in Singapore.” International Journal of Project Management. 13 (1) 51–58.
Liu, M. and Ballard, G., (2008). “Improving labor productivity through production control”, Proceedings of the 6th Annual Conference of International Group for Lean Construction, Manchester, United Kingdom. 657-666.
Mahamid, I. (2013). “Principal factors impacting labor productivity of public construction projects in Palestine: Contractors’ Perspective.”, International Journal of Architecture, Engineering and Construction (IJAEC. 2 (3) 194-202.
Makulsawatudom, A., Emsley, M., and Sinthawanarong, K. (2004). “Critical factors influencing construction productivity in Thailand”, The Journal of King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology, North Bangkok. 14 (3) 1–6.
McTague, B. and Jergeas, G., (2002). “Productivity improvements on Alberta major construction projects”; Construction Productivity Improvement Report / Project evaluation tool, Alberta economic development, Alberta, Canada, 2002.
Olomolaiye, P., Kaming, P., Holt, G., and Harris, F. (1996). “Factors influencing craftsmen's productivity in Indonesia.” International Journal of Project Management, 1996, 15 (1) 21–30.
Almamlook, Rabia, et al. "A Simulation Model to Improve Productivity in the Pipe Manufacturing Industry." Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University 55.2 (2020).
Sincich, T. L., Levine, D. M., and Stephan, D. (2002). Practical statistics by example using Microsoft Excel and Minitab, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Singh, S. P. (2010), “Factors affecting the productivity of construction operations in the United Arab Emirates”, MS thesis, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh. [Google Scholar].
Soham, M. and Rajiv, B., (2013). “Critical factors affecting labor productivity in construction projects: case study of South Gujarat region of India.” International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology. 2 (4) 583-591.
Wachira, L. NL. N (1999) “Labour productivity in the Kenyan construction industry”, University of Nairobi, Kenya, 1999.
Wilcox, S., String fellow, B., Harris, R., and Martin, B. (2000). “Management and Productivity.” Transportation Research Board, Committee on Management and Productivity, Washington, DC.
YatesYates, J. K. and Guhathakurta, S. (1993) “International labor productivity”, Cost Engineering Journal. 35, (1) 15–25.
Zakeri, M., Olomolaiye, P., Holt, G, and Harris, F. (1996). “A survey of constraints on Iranian construction operatives’ productivity.” Construction Management and Economics. 14 (5), 417–426.
Van Tam, Nguyen, Nguyen Lien Huong, and Nguyen Bao Ngoc. "Factors affecting labour productivity of construction worker on construction site: A case of Hanoi." Journal of Science and Technology in Civil Engineering (STCE)-NUCE 12.5 (2018): 127-138.
Browse journals by subject