Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 49-55
Heavy Metals Pollution on the Environment: A Case Study of Seafood and Humans
Susan Okparanta, Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Captain Elechi Amadi Polytechnic Rumuola, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Victoria Daminabo, Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Captain Elechi Amadi Polytechnic Rumuola, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Received: Nov. 15, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 3, 2018;       Published: Dec. 26, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajese.20180204.11      View  31      Downloads  9
Heavy metals pollution on the environment (seafood and humans) is a global problem. The concentrations of copper, cadmium and chromium in prawns, periwinkle and croaker fish from Aba area of Abia State were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric (AAS) techniques. The values of copper in periwinkle, prawns and croaker fish were 19.22±8.36mg/kg, 2.78± 3.34 mg/kg and 0.6± 0.07 mg/kg respectively whereas the World Health Organization (WHO) limit is 0.5mg/kg for copper in sea food and all samples examined had results which exceeded the WHO acceptable limits in seafood. Cadmium levels was high in croaker fish (1.10± 0.47)mg/kg compared to the WHO limit of 0.5−1.0 mg/kg of cadmium in food and the concentration of cadmium in prawns (0.74±0.5)mg/kg and periwinkle (0.34±0.28)mg/kg were within the WHO acceptable limit of cadmium. The values of chromium levels in periwinkle, prawns and croaker fish were 5.42±3.79 mg/kg, 26.16±2.85 mg/kg and 9.28±8.4 mg/kg respectively and these samples exceeded the WHO acceptable limits of 2.0mg/kg set for chromium in seafood. The results obtained from this study show that periwinkle and prawns bioaccumulated cadmium.
Heavy Metals, Pollution, Environment, Seafood, Humans, Bioaccumulated, Prawns, Periwinkle, Croaker Fish
To cite this article
Susan Okparanta, Victoria Daminabo, Heavy Metals Pollution on the Environment: A Case Study of Seafood and Humans, American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2018, pp. 49-55. doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20180204.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Oforibika, A. G., I. K. Alalibo and L. Solomon (2018). Environmental pollution and reportage in Nigeria. World Rural Observation, 10(1):75-77.
Solomon, L., V. Daminabo and C. A. Uzor (2016). A synoptic review on ecological toxicology and environmental sustainability. Researcher, 8(12):6-10.
Solomon, L., O. George-West and I. K. Alalibo (2017). Environmental pollution in the Niger Delta and consequential challenges to sustainable development of the region: the role of an individual. Researcher, 9 (8):10-15.
Dick, A. A., L. Solomon and S. Okparanta (2018). Assessment of selected physicochemical and microbial parameters of water sources along Oproama River in Oproama community in Rivers State, Nigeria. World Rural Observation, 10(1):69-74.
Oforibika, G. A., T. Ezekiel and L. Solomon (2018b). Waste to wealth as a tool for environmental sustainability in crude oil-impacted soil. Advances in Recycling and Waste Management, 3 (2): 161.
Alloyway A. E. (1990) Chemical principleof environmental pollution. Gal.3: 109–116.
Lenntech (1998) Water treatment and air pollution B. V. Rotterdamseweg 402M.
Ward, F. (1987) Environmental Analytical Chemistry. 5th Edition 15: 74-82.32.
Okparanta, S., V. Daminabo and L Solomon (2018). Assessment of rancidity and other physicochemical properties of edible oils (Mustard and Corn Oils) stored at room temperature. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6 (3): 70-75.
Wegwu, M. O; Abbey, B. W; Ibeh, G. O. (2000) Spectrophotometric Determination of some trace element in aquatic Fauna. JASESM ISSN 1119-8362. 4(2) 5-8.
Obasohan, E. E., Oronsaye, J. A. O. (2000) Heavy metals in water, sediment and some important commercial Fishes species from Ikpoba River, Benin city Nigeria. JASEM ISSN 1119-8362.4(2) 63-68.
European Commission (EC) (2001). Commission Regulation No. 466/2001 of 8 March 2001, Official Journal of European Communities 1.77/1.
Al-Bader, N. (2008). Heavy metals levels in most available fish species in Saudi market. Journal of Food Technology, 6 (4):173–177.
Demirbas, A. (1999). Proximate and heavy metal composition in chicken meat and tissues. Food Chemistry, 67 (1):27–31.
Canli, M., Atli, G. (2003). The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species. Environmental Pollution, 121:129–136.
Lidet, M and Frederikse, T. (1973) copper: physical and chemical properties. Asia. J. 63:15-21.
Abou-Arab, A. A. K., Ayesh, A. M., Amra, H. A., Naguib, K. (1996). Characteristic levels of some pesticides and heavy metals in imported fish. Food Chemistry, 57:487–492. Bartik, M., Piscac, A. (1981). A Veterinary Toxicology. Elsevier, NewYork.
Demirezen, D., Uruc, K. (2006). Comparative study of trace elements in certain fish, meat and meat products. Meat Science, 74:255–260.
Falandysz, J. (1991). Manganese, copper, zinc, iron, cadmium, mercury and lead in muscle meat, liver and kidneys of poultry, rabbit and sheep slaughtered in the northern part of Poland, 1987. Food Additives and Contaminants, 8 (1):71–83.
Merian, R. (1984) Chromium: Sources, metabolism, effects on Animal and Fish Nutrition. J. Sci.32:63-70.
Eisler, R. (1988). Zink Hazards to Fish, Wildlife and Invertebrates: a Synoptic Review. US Fish Wildlife Service, Biology of Reproduction, 85.
Abou-Arab, A. A. K. (2001). Heavy metal contents in Egyptian meat and the role of detergent washing on their levels. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 39:593–599.
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) (1992). Committee for Inland Fisheries of Africa. Report of the third session of the working party on pollution and fisheries, Accra, Ghana.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2005). Guidelines for drinking water. WHO, Geneva.
Watanabe, J. Yopp and Black, P. (1979) Heavy metal levels in sea foods (Japan). Gl. J. 16:81-92.
World Health Organization (WHO) (1989). Evaluation of certain Food Additives contaminants. 33rd Report of the Join FAO/WHO Expert committee on Food Additive, Geneva. WHO, pp 28-31 (Technical Report series No 776).
Demirezen, D., Aksoy, A. (2004). Accumulation of heavy metals in Typhaangustifolia (L.) and Potamogetonpectinatus (L.) living in Sultan Marsh (Kayseri, Turkey). Chemosphere, 56:685–696.
Rediske, H. (1956) Chromium: occurrence and metabolism in Food Mar. Biol. 62:124-129.
Martin, C. J. and Broenkow, B. L. (1975) Cadmium-chromium levels in sea foods. Ho. Gly.96:61-82.
Mason C. F. (1991) Biology of Fresh water pollution. 2nd edition. New York 23-25, 81-94.
Kittleberger, B. (1973) Effects of Heavy metals in the amounts in sea Foods. Sc. Dom. J. 71: 12-20.
Cotton, S. and Wilkinson, L. E. (1989) Copper: physical and chemical properties. J. Sc. 55:21-26.
Sloop, B.; Crus T. C. and Hill (1989) Benefits of trace elements to the Environment. 2ndedn. 54:74-82.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (2004). Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology, Clifton Road, NE, Atlanta, GA. Available fromhttp://www.ats-dr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/.
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) (1994). Review of pollution in the African Aquatic Environment. CIFA Technical paper no 25, Rome, p118.
Bruce McDuffie (1993). The encloypaedia Americana, International Edition. 18:721-722.
Duffus, J. H. (1980) Toxic metals in Environmental toxicity. Sc. 6:67-78.
Gerhard, T. K. (1992) Heavy metal concentrations in Fisheries. Fish J.2: 58-63.
Kirsh, H.; Padberg, W.; Scholaz, A. and Zimmbermey, G. (1982). Cadmium Emissions from coal fired power plants in proceedings of the 3rd International Cadmium conference.
Browse journals by subject