Volume 1, Issue 2, May 2017, Page: 59-63
Household Access to Sustainable Safe Water Use and Its Implication on Diarrhoea Incidence in Nigeria
Adesola Adebola Ikudayisi, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Bolarinwa Titus Omonona, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Received: Feb. 27, 2017;       Accepted: Apr. 1, 2017;       Published: May 18, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajese.20170102.15      View  1803      Downloads  70
Abstract
Inadequate access to safe water use remains a global issue and a threat to the wellbeing of people. This led to the dependence of households sourcing water from unprotected means. As a result of shortcomings in the nations water supply system, there is a prevalence of some sanitation and water related diseases like cholera, diarrhoea, among others. Important relationship between household access to safe water use and diarrhoea incidence were identified as well as other determinants of diarrhoea which include socioeconomic and environmental such as age of child, toilet facility, place of residence, mother’s literacy level and household wealth status. Policy actions were identified as synergy between water and sanitation sector should reflect in the reduction of water related diseases in the country.
Keywords
Diarrhoea, Diseases, Nigeria, Safe Water
To cite this article
Adesola Adebola Ikudayisi, Bolarinwa Titus Omonona, Household Access to Sustainable Safe Water Use and Its Implication on Diarrhoea Incidence in Nigeria, American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2017, pp. 59-63. doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20170102.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
World Health Organization (2000), Global water supply and sanitation assessment, WHO: Geneva.
[2]
H. T., Ishaku, M. R., Majid, A. P. Ajayi, and A. Haruna (2011). Water Supply Dilemma in Nigerian Rural Communities: Looking towards the Sky for an Answer. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 2011, 3, 598-606 doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.38069.
[3]
E. M. Akpabio (2012). Water Supply and Sanitation Services Sector in Nigeria: The Policy Trend and Practice Constraints, ZEF Working Paper Series 96, ISSN 1864‐6638.
[4]
IDRC (2002), In Focus: Water – Local Level Management. International Development Research Council (IDRC), Canada.
[5]
O. Ohwo and A. Abotutu, (2014). Access to Potable Water Supply in Nigerian Cities Evidence from Yenagoa Metropolis. American Journal of Water Resources 2 (2), 31-36. DOI: 10.12691/ajwr-2-2-1.
[6]
K. Akintola, (2011), Poor Sanitation, Water Shortage Endanger Lives of Nigerians. BUSSINESSDAY Tuesday 25 October.
[7]
World Health Organization “Key Facts from 2015 JMP Report”. Available at www.who.int/water-sanitation-health/publication/JMP-2015.
[8]
World Health Organization/UNICEF JMP for Water Supply and Sanitation “2015 Report and MDG Assessment. Available at www.wssinfo.org/
[9]
World Health Organization and UNICEF (2014). Progress on sanitation and drinking-water - 2014 update. ISBN 978 92 4 150724 0 (NLM classification: WA 670).
[10]
WHO/UNICEF. (2013). Ending Preventable Child Deaths from Pneumonia and Diarrhoea by 2025. The Integrated Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (GAPPD). Retrieved from www.unicef.org/media/files/Final_GAPPD_main_Report-_EN-8_April_2013.pdf
[11]
WHO & UNICEF (JMP–Nigeria, 2013). A Snapshot of drinking water and sanitation in Africa: A regional Perspective under WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme.
[12]
A. O Ajala, (2014). Access to Safe Water - A way to Mitigating Onchocerciasis in Nigeria. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences 4 (26).
[13]
M, Barreto, B, Genser, A, Strina, T, Gloria, O. Marlucia, R, Rego., C., eles., S. Matildes, M. Prado, A. Matos, D. Santos, and S. Cairncross, (2007). Effect of city-wide sanitation programme on reduction in rate of childhood diarrhoea in northeast Brazil: assessment by two cohort studies. Lancet 2007; 370: 1622–28.
[14]
A. E, Asakitikpi (2000). Acute Diarrhoea: Mothers’ Knowledge of ORT and Its Usage in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Kamla-Raj Ethno Med, 4 (2): 125-130.
[15]
W. Godana, and B. Mengiste (2013). Environmental Factors Associated with Acute Diarrhea among Children Under Five Years of Age in Derashe District, Southern Ethiopia. Science Journal of public Health, Vol. 1(3)119-124. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20130103.12.
[16]
USAID. Integrating sanitation and water supply programs. Annual report in Africa, 2010.
[17]
J. W. Ahs, T. Wenjing, J, Lofgren, and B. C. Forsberg (2010). Diarrhoeal Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Open Infectious Diseases 4 (123): 113-124.
[18]
International Vaccine Access Center (IVAC) at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (2013). Pneumonia and Diarrhea Progress Report 2013. Retrieved from http://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/ivac/resources/IVAC-2013-Pneumonia-DiarrheaProgress-Report.pdf
[19]
A. Mekasha, and A. Tesfahun (2003). Determinants of Diarrhoeal Diseases: A Community Based Study In Urban South Western Ethiopia. East African Medical Journal 80 (2).
[20]
UNICEF (2014). Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed. Progress Report 2014. Retrieved from http://files.unicef.org/publications/ files/APR_2014_web_15Sept14.pdf
[21]
National Population Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ICF International 2014. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2013. Abuja, Nigeria, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NPC and ICF International.
[22]
M. I. O. Raji, and Y. K. E. Ibrahim (2011). Prevalence of waterborne infections in Northwest Nigeria: A retrospective study. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology 3 (8), 382-385. Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/jphe ISSN 2141-2316
[23]
S. Luby, A. Halder, T. Unicomb, L. Huda, and B. Richard (2011). The Effect of Handwashing at Recommended Times with Water Alone and with Soap on Child Diarrhoea in Rural Bangladesh: An Observational Study. Public library of Science Medicine 8 (6): e1001052. doi: 10.1371/journal. pmed.1001052.
[24]
E. I. Sule, A. M. Aliyu, and B. M. Abdulaziz (2011). Isolation of diarrhoeagenic bacteria in children attending some selected hospitals within Kaduna metropolis, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Continental Journal of Applied Sciences. 6 (1): 1–6.
[25]
M. O. Okolo, D. E. Garba, E. Stephen (2013). Isolation and prevalence of bacteria associated with diarrhoea in children visiting hospitals in Anyigba. American Journal of Research Communication, 1 (8): 121-129.
[26]
M. Abdullahi, S. O. Olonitola, and I. H. Inabo (2010). Isolation of Bacteria Associated with diarrhea among children attending some hospitals in Kano Metropolis, Kano State, Nigeria. Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 3 (1): 10–15.
Browse journals by subject